It has recently been discovered that glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase (FALDH) exhibits a strong S-nitrosoglutathione reductase activity. Plants use NO and S-nitrosothiols as signaling molecules to activate defense mechanisms. Therefore, it is interesting to investigate the regulation of FALDH by mechanical wounding and plant hormones involved in signal transduction. Our results show that the gene encoding FALDH in Arabidopsis (ADH2) is down-regulated by wounding and activated by salicylic acid (SA). In tobacco, FALDH levels and enzymatic activity decreased after jasmonate treatment, and increased in response to SA. This is the first time that regulation of FALDH in response to signals associated with plant defense has been demonstrated. © 2003 Published by Elsevier Science B.V. on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies.
|Publication status||Published - 22 May 2003|
- GSNO reductase
- Glutathione-dependent formaldehyde dehydrogenase
- Jasmonic acid
- Salicylic acid
- Wound response