The gendered division of housework time: Analysis of time use by type and daily frequency of household tasks

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Abstract

© 2015, © The Author(s) 2015. Over the past 40 years, there has been a slow trend toward gender equality regarding time use in paid and unpaid work. However, the gendered division of housework remains. This article examines the gender segregation in domestic work in order to contrast the influence of welfare regimes and employment status on the organization of everyday life. The analysis is based on time use variables according to the type and daily frequency of household tasks. First, a descriptive cross-national study of European countries is presented to contextualise how institutional factors are involved in patterns of time use. Second, a specific case in Spain is studied to assess how employment status influences the distribution of housework. The results show that daily maintenance tasks represent a limit for the equal distribution of housework by gender. It is concluded that women’s employment is a necessary but not sufficient condition for gender equality.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3-27
JournalTime and Society
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • employment status
  • gender
  • housework
  • Time use
  • welfare regime
  • working time

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