The first female gymnastics teachers in Spain. A private and banned practice in the 19th century

Xavier Torrebadella, Cristina López-Villar

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

    5 Citations (Scopus)


    The aim of this article is to offer a glimpse of the reality of the practice of female gymnastics teachers in the beginnings of its inception as a professional practice. Due to the apparent lack of disciplinary work on the topic in the period that is the object of our study, the sources of information that we have used are mainly archival and periodical. Likewise, we have resorted to current studies aiming at a positioning of sports and gymnastic practices considering socio-historical arguments. The conclusions of the work show that the first female gymnastic teachers, despite having at some point some formal training, were banned from accessing secondary schools, or even regular schools, being thus relegated to teaching in pre-elementary and elementary schools, or to teaching private lessons in family gyms. The morality of the time and the role assigned to women, clearly affected the way in which female teachers' professional careers were linked to hygienic gymnastic within the official school system, or to female physical education lessons in private institutions. In spite of this, there were women who transgressed those roles and who are therefore object of our current work.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)423-442
    JournalRICYDE. Revista internacional de ciencias del deporte
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


    • Female gymnastic
    • Gyms
    • Hygienic gymnastic
    • Physical education
    • Profession
    • Women


    Dive into the research topics of 'The first female gymnastics teachers in Spain. A private and banned practice in the 19th century'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this