Introgression of a chromosome segment from Drosophila serido into the genome of its sibling D. buzzatii brought about the release of mutator potential in the hybrids. Mutator activity was determined by examining the frequency of new chromosomal rearrangements, that appeared only in the progeny of hybrid individuals. Mutation frequency was 30 times greater in the progeny of hybrid males than in that of hybrid females. There was a remarkable influence of the D. buzzatii genetic background on the frequency of production of these new rearrangements. The appearance of a new rearrangement did not depend on the genotype of the larva that bore it, but only on that of its hybrid progenitor. Among the new rearrangements there were inversions, translocations, and duplications. The number of translocations was significantly lower than that of inversions or duplications; this last type was the most frequently recorded. The distribution of the aberrations among the four major autosomes seemed to be homogeneous, although the total number of breakpoints was significantly greater in chromosome 4 than in the others. No rearrangement was found on the X chromosome. Breakpoints within three of the four affected autosomes were not randomly distributed. © 1985 Springer-Verlag.
|Translated title of the contribution||The evolutionary history of D. buzzatii. IX. High frequencies of new chromosome rearrangements induced by introgressive hybridization|
|Original language||Multiple languages|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Feb 1985|