The ENA1 Na+-ATPase Gene Is Regulated by the SPS Sensing Pathway and the Stp1/Stp2 Transcription Factors

Abdelghani Zekhnini, Marcel Albacar, Antonio Casamayor, Joaquín Ariño

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The Saccharomyces cerevisiae ENA1 gene, encoding a Na+-ATPase, responds transcriptionally to the alkalinization of the medium by means of a network of signals that involves the Rim101, the Snf1 and PKA kinases, and the calcineurin/Crz1 pathways. We show here that the ENA1 promoter also contains a consensus sequence, located at nt −553/−544, for the Stp1/2 transcription factors, the downstream components of the amino acid sensing SPS pathway. Mutation of this sequence or deletion of either STP1 or STP2 decreases the activity of a reporter containing this region in response to alkalinization as well as to changes in the amino acid composition in the medium. Expression driven from the entire ENA1 promoter was affected with similar potency by the deletion of PTR3, SSY5, or simultaneous deletion of STP1 and STP2 when cells were exposed to alkaline pH or moderate salt stress. However, it was not altered by the deletion of SSY1, encoding the amino acid sensor. In fact, functional mapping of the ENA1 promoter reveals a region spanning from nt −742 to −577 that enhances transcription, specifically in the absence of Ssy1. We also found that the basal and alkaline pH-induced expression from the HXT2, TRX2, and, particularly, SIT1 promoters was notably decreased in an stp1 stp2 deletion mutant, whereas the PHO84 and PHO89 gene reporters were unaffected. Our findings add a further layer of complexity to the regulation of ENA1 and suggest that the SPS pathway might participate in the regulation of a subset of alkali-inducible genes.
Original languageAmerican English
Article number5548
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2023


  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae
  • environmental alkalinization
  • stress response
  • transcriptional regulation


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