The efficacy of cognitive behavioural therapy and advocacy interventions for women who have experienced intimate partner violence: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Judit Tirado-Muñoz, Gail Gilchrist, Magí Farré, Kelsey Hegarty, Marta Torrens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2014 Informa UK, Ltd. Objective. To determine the efficacy of Advocacy and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy interventions (CBT) in reducing physical, psychological, sexual, or any intimate partner violence (IPV).Methods. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted using randomized control trials (RCTs) published in MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane, and Clinical trials. The occurrence of physical, psychological, sexual, and/or any IPV measured efficacy.Results. Twelve RCTs involving 2666 participants were included. Advocacy interventions resulted in significant reductions in physical (standardized mean difference (SMD)-0.13; 95% confidence interval (CI)-0.25,-0.00) and psychological (SMD-0.19; 95% CI-0.32,-0.05) but not in sexual (SMD-0.20; 95% CI-0.43, 0.02) or any IPV (SMD-0.32; 95% CI-0.69, 0.04). CBT interventions showed a significant reduction in physical (SMD-0.79; 95% CI-1.26,-0.33) and psychological (SMD-0.80; 95% CI-1.25,-0.36) but not sexual (SMD-0.35; 95% CI-1.73, 1.03) or any IPV (SMD 0.09; 95% CI-0.05, 0.23).Conclusions. Both advocacy and CBT interventions reduced physical and psychological IPV but not sexual or any IPV. Limitations include the low number of studies and the heterogeneity of interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)567-586
JournalAnnals of Medicine
Volume46
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Advocacy
  • Cognitive behavioural therapy
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Meta-analysis
  • Systematic review
  • Women

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