The effects of grit supplementation and feed type on steel-shot ingestion in mallards

R. Mateo, R. Guitart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lead poisoning by shot-pellet ingestion is an important cause of death in waterfowl from wetlands that have high densities of lead-shot pellets and low availabilities of grit in their sediments. To evaluate grit supplementation when mixed with baited grain as a method of reducing shot ingestion in waterfowl, 24 mallards (Anas platyrhynchos) were kept in captivity to study the relationship between steel-shot, grit and grain ingestion in four experiments. Steel-shot ingestion was more related to seeking grit than to feeding on grain, and it did not differ between two types of grain offered (rice or sorghum). Grit ingestion increased with grit supplementation and shot ingestion was only slightly reduced. Calcareous grit used in the experiments had a shorter half-life (1.4 days) in the gizzard than values reported for siliceous grit (3.1 days). (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-229
JournalPreventive Veterinary Medicine
Volume44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2000

Keywords

  • Anas platyrhynchos
  • Grit
  • Lead poisoning
  • Shot pellet
  • Waterfowl

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