The effect of social pressure from family and friends on turnout

André Blais, Carol Galais, Maxime Coulombe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Recent research about the decision to vote or abstain finds a causal effect of social networks and social pressure. Yet this literature does not examine how this social pressure is exerted and by whom. This study aims at correcting these shortcomings. Using a two-wave panel survey conducted in Canada, we distinguish between the pressure exerted by friends and the partner and between descriptive and injunctive norms. We find that most people are not subjected to strong injunctive pressure, social pressure is most prominent in the household (between partners), it is mostly descriptive, and it has a powerful effect.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)2824-2841
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Social and Personal Relationships
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2019


  • Family
  • friends
  • household
  • partner
  • social pressure
  • turnout


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