Cell death induced by over-activation of glutamate receptors occurs in different neuropathologies. Cholesterol depletors protect from neurotoxic over-activation of glutamate receptors, and we have recently reported that this neuroprotection is associated with a reduction of the N-methyl-D-aspartate subtype of glutamate receptors in detergent-resistant membrane domains (DRM). In the present study we used comparative proteomics to further identify which proteins, besides the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, change its percentage of association to DRM after treatment of neurons with simvastatin. We detected 338 spots in neuronal DRM subjected to 2-DE; eleven of these spots changed its intensity after treatment with simvastatin. All 11 differential spots showed reduced intensity in simvastatin-treated samples and were identified as adipocyte plasma membrane associated protein, enolase, calretinin, coronin 1a, f-actin capping protein α1, f-actin capping protein α2, heat shock cognate protein 71, malate dehydrogenase, n-myc downregulated gene 1, prohibitin 2, Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor, translationally controlled tumor protein and voltage dependent anion selective channel protein 1. The proteins tested colocalized with the lipid raft marker caveolin-1. Interestingly, the proteins we have identified in the present study had been previously reported to play a role in cell fate and, thus, they might represent novel targets for neuroprotection. © 2010 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
- Cell biology
- Detergent-resistant membranes
- Lipid rafts