The effect of free fatty acid content on the apparent metabolisable energy of coconut/palm kernel oil for broiler chickens aged 12 and 52 days

J. Wiseman, A. Blanch

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    Abstract

    A blend of coconut and palm kernel oil (CP; free fatty acid (FFA) content 13.8 g kg-1 oil) together with its hydrolysed acid oil (CPAO; FFA content 839 g kg-1 oil) were obtained for evaluation. The two oils were blended in the proportions CP:CPAO 75:25, 50:50 and 25:75. The five oils (CP and CPAO, together with the three blends) were included in a basal diet at 40, 80 and 120 g kg-1. Experimental diets were evaluated for apparent metabolisable energy (AME) and apparent oil metabolisability (AOM) with younger (12 days of age) and older (52 days of age) Ross I broiler chicks. The AME and AOM values for oils were determined from linear regression of AME and AOM of diets on rate of inclusion of oil. The AME values of oils were also determined as the product of AOM and gross energy/1000. The AME of oils varied from 32.2 to 22.6 MJ kg-1 with an increase in FFA content from 13.8 to 839 g kg-1 with younger birds. Corresponding figures for older birds were 36.8 and 31.8 MJ kg-1. The reduction in AME with increasing FFA content appeared linear in both cases. AME of oil estimated from AOM of diets and oil gross energy followed a similar trend with a progressive reduction from 33.1 to 25.8 MJ kg-1 (younger birds) and from 34.6 to 33.0 MJ kg-1 (older birds), with FFA increasing from 13.8 to 839 g kg-1 oil. The ratio of unsaturated to saturated fatty acids ( U S) of oils was calculated in three ways: (1) with all saturated fatty acids, (2) with myristic (C14:0), palmitic (C16:0) and stearic (C18:0) fatty acids, (3) with palmitic and stearic fatty acids only appearing in the S fraction giving U S values of 0.07, 2.51 or 7.82 respectively ( U S values are mean for the two oil sources). Comparison with predicted AME values revealed that a U S of 2.52 gave an accurate estimate of the determined value, suggesting that myristic acid behaves more like a saturated fatty acid but that, in terms of metabolisability, shorter chain length saturated fatty acids resemble unsaturated fatty acids. © 1994.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)225-236
    JournalAnimal Feed Science and Technology
    Volume47
    Issue number3-4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1994

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