The dimensional structure of short forms of the Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales

Georgina M. Gross, Paul J. Silvia, Neus Barrantes-Vidal, Thomas R. Kwapil

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20 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. The Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales (WSS) are widely used for assessing schizotypy. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) indicates that a two-factor structure, positive and negative schizotypy, underlies these scales. Recently developed 15-item short forms of the WSS demonstrated good reliability and validity. This study examined the factor structure underlying the short-form WSS. Consistent with the original scales, CFA on three large samples (n=6137, 2171, and 2292, respectively) indicated that a two-factor model with positive and negative dimensions provided better fit than a generic schizotypy model for the short-form WSS. The short-form dimensions correlated highly with the original scale dimensions and displayed good stability across 10weeks. Preliminary construct validity was demonstrated through associations with interview and questionnaire measures of psychopathology, functioning, and personality comparable to those found with the original WSS. This is the first study examining the dimensional structure of the short WSS and the validity of these dimensions. The findings support the multidimensional nature of schizotypy and the appropriateness of dimensions derived from the short-form WSS.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-85
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Publication statusPublished - 2 Feb 2015


  • Psychosis proneness
  • Schizophrenia
  • Schizotypy
  • Wisconsin Schizotypy Scales


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