The diet of Myotragus balearicus Bate 1909 (Artiodactyla: Caprinae), an extinct bovid from the Balearic Islands: Evidence from coprolites

Josep Antoni Alcover, Ramon Perez-Obiol, Errikarta Imanol Yll, Pere Bover

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Myotragus balearicus Bate 1909 is an artiodactyl Caprinae endemic to the Balcaric Islands which became extract more than 4000 years ago. Coprolites produced by this species have been collected from the excavation of Holocene cave sediments in Cora Estreta (Serra de Tramuntana, Mallorca). The pollen content of several samples of coprolites has been studied in order to determine the diet of Myotragus. Myotragus balearicus from Cova Estreta was a browser, and consumed huge amounts of box, Buxus balearica, a plant known for its high content of steroidal alkaloids. The coprolites are very fine textured, probably due to the result of a very efficient digestive process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-74
JournalBiological Journal of the Linnean Society
Volume66
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999

Keywords

  • Buxus balearica
  • Cave sediments
  • Diet
  • Fossil ruminants
  • Holocene

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'The diet of Myotragus balearicus Bate 1909 (Artiodactyla: Caprinae), an extinct bovid from the Balearic Islands: Evidence from coprolites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this