“The Cowl Does Make The Monk”: Understanding the Emergence of Social Entrepreneurship in Times of Downturn: Understanding the Emergence of Social Entrepreneurship in Times of Downturn

Jose Luis Molina, Hugo Valenzuela-Garcia, Miranda J. Lubbers, Paula Escribano, Marta M. Lobato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2018, International Society for Third-Sector Research and The Johns Hopkins University. In order to contribute to the debate about social entrepreneurship, we take an empirical perspective and describe the phenomenon in Catalonia, Spain, during the financial crises of the early twenty-first century. For this aim, we conducted 43 in-depth interviews with social entrepreneurs, launched a web-based survey with 90 responses, and built a database with 347 organizations and/or ventures settled in Catalonia with an explicit social/environmental goal. The data show that many social/environmental initiatives emerged during the economic crisis, either as a self-employment alternative to unemployment, or as a commercial venture started by nonprofit organizations as a reaction to the reduction in public expense in this sector. In addition, the crisis fueled the emergence of ventures oriented to non-market exchange and social currencies. As a whole, we argue that this new reality can be conceptualized as the emergence of an unsettled Strategic Action Field where banks, business schools and public administrations alike promote the label of “social entrepreneurship” through awards and startup services, whereas other groups claiming the same social/environmental goals contest this market-oriented definition of the field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)725-739
Number of pages15
JournalVoluntas (Manchester)
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Catalonia
  • ENTERPRISE
  • Economic crisis
  • Nonprofit
  • PERSPECTIVE
  • Social economy
  • Social entrepreneurship
  • Strategic action fields
  • Transformation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of '“The Cowl Does Make The Monk”: Understanding the Emergence of Social Entrepreneurship in Times of Downturn: Understanding the Emergence of Social Entrepreneurship in Times of Downturn'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this