The course of negative symptoms in first-episode schizophrenia and its predictors: A prospective two-year follow-up study

Gisela Mezquida, Bibiana Cabrera, Miquel Bioque, Silvia Amoretti, Antonio Lobo, Ana González-Pinto, Ana Espliego, Iluminada Corripio, Eduard Vieta, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Daniel Bergé, Maria J. Escartí, Ángela Ibañez, Rafael Penadés, Ana M. Sánchez-Torres, Miguel Bernardo, Ana Meseguer, Emilio Fernandez-Egea, Jorge Vidal, Mara ParelladaAnna Alonso, Mireia Rabella, Patricia Vega, Amaia Ugarte, Helena Andrés-Bergareche, Fabiola Modrego, Julio Sanjuan, Eduardo J. Aguilar, Antoni Bulbena, Anna Mané, Marina Garriga, Ivette Morilla, Immaculada Baeza, Elena de la Serna, Fernando Contreras, Auria Albacete, Julio Bobes, M. Paz García-Portilla, Miguel Gutiérrez, Rafael Segarra, Isabel Morales-Muñoz, Roberto Rodriguez-Jimenez, Anna Butjosa, Judith Usall, Salvador Sarró, Ramón Landin-Romero, Jerónimo Saiz, Vicent Balanzá-Martínez

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22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. Aims This study aimed to investigate the course of negative symptoms and its stability over a two-year period following a first-episode schizophrenia (FES) and the possible predictors of higher severity in this symptomatology after this period. Methods In this longitudinal two-year prospective follow-up study we included 268 patients with a FES, according to DSM-IV. Analysis of variance was conducted in patients who completed the full follow-up to study changes in negative symptoms over three visits. Regression analyses were conducted to show correlates and potential predictors of negative symptoms at two-year follow-up. Results There was a significant effect for time in negative symptomatology, which was less severe at one-year follow-up after a FES and remained stable up to two years (Time 1 > Time 2 > Time 3); F(2,151) = 20.45, p < 0.001. Poorer premorbid adjustment (p = 0.01) and higher negative symptoms at baseline (p < 0.001) made a significant contribution to the changes in the negative symptoms severity at two-years after a FES (R2 = 0.21, p < 0.001). Conclusions We found a reduction in the negative symptomatology at one-year after a FES. This change remained stable at two-year. Our results suggested that the presence of this symptomatology early in the course of the illness, together with a poorer premorbid adjustment, predict more severe negative symptoms at mid-term outcome.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-90
JournalSchizophrenia Research
Volume189
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

Keywords

  • Course
  • First-episode
  • Longitudinal
  • Negative symptoms
  • Predictors
  • Schizophrenia

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