The emissions of volatile organic compounds, VOC, from plants have strong relevance for plant physiology, plant ecology, and atmospheric chemistry. We report here on the current knowledge of the many internal (genetic and biochemical) and external (abiotic - temperature, light, water availability, wind, ozone, and biotic - animal, plant and microorganisms interactions) factors that control emission rates of different VOC by altering their synthesis, vapour pressure or diffusion to the atmosphere. The complex net of these factors, their interactions and the different responses of the different VOC produces the large qualitative and quantitative, spatial and temporal variability of emissions and the frequent deviations from current standard emission models. The need for a co-operative multidisciplinary multiscale research to disentangle this complex and important issue of plant VOC emissions is reminded.
- Biogenic emissions
- Controlling factors