The Campanian-Maastrichtian rudist bivalves succession in the Chiapas Central Depression, Mexico

Jose Maria Pons, Enric Vicens, Ricardo Martínez, Pedro García-Barrera, Itzia Eréndira Nieto, Angélica Oviedo, Manuel Javier Avendaño-Gil

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10 Citations (Scopus)


© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. The restudy of the Late Cretaceous rudist fauna of the Chiapas Central Depression, considered Campanian-Maastrichtian with no more precisions in literature, reveals that, in fact, three successive rudist assemblages occur: (1) a lower one, early and middle Campanian, in the uppermost part of the Sierra Madre Formation (distinguished as Suchiapa Formation); (2) a middle one, early Maastrichtian, in the upper part of the Ocozocoautla Formation; and (3) an upper one, late Maastrichtian, in several horizons within the Angostura Formation. Published data on planktic and benthic foraminifers and inoceramid bivalves, as well as new findings of ammonites, helped bracketing the age of the three rudist assemblages. Their stratigraphic position fits with a depositional model assuming a basal carbonate platform fragmented into blocks each following a different tecto-sedimentary evolution: (1) a drowned block constituting the Tuxtla Gutiérrez Basin, deepening towards the neighbor raised block and receiving terrigenous material from the emerged Sierra Madre de Chiapas, that, after a long hiatus, was filled up and, subsequently, a marginal shallow carbonate platform, surrounded by a detritic belt and prograding towards the basin, installed on top (2) a raised block constituting a high where, after a long hiatus, an insular shallow carbonate platform installed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)210-220
JournalCretaceous Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016


  • Ammonites
  • Campanian
  • Chiapas
  • Maastrichtian
  • Mexico
  • Rudists


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