The ancient Neolithic burials of Ca l'Estrada (Canovelles, Barcelona)

Maria Eulàlia Subirà, Pablo Martínez, Abel Fortó, Vanessa Muñoz, David Ortega, Juan F. Gibaja

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Abstract

At present there are few human remains from early agricultural and pastoralists communities of the early Neolithic in the northeast of the Iberian Peninsula Most of the evidence comes from archaeological contexts excavated prior to the 80's, then recent analytical are absent. The excavation in Ca l'Estrada partly fills this gap providing not only two new burials, but also a whole set of analyzes of the graves Their study has allowed us biologically meet two of the subjects protagonists of that history, how they were buried and what objects accompanied them. We are certainly at an early funerary evidence of what has come to be known as "Culture of pit graves." There are two burials; The first one comes from a cuvette of 70-80cm wide and 60-70cm deep. A woman 25-35 years old very well represented was depositated on right lateral decubitus with flexed limbs and his body was enveloped into a bundle or shroud. Under the pelvis a sheet of white flint good was found. This blade was used to cut plants near the ground or on it before putting it as dowry. It could not define the structure of the second burial. The remains correspond a part of a child of 5-6 yearsold, possibly a male. The study allows start to know biologicaly the human group that lived the zone. Likewise the detailed study of his grave has allowed to propose that it was wrapped in a shroud, deposited gathered and with the presence of a sheet of silex, attends that it might start to justify a ritual that will become more frequent in the Middle Neolithic.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)135-145
JournalMunibe Antropologia-Arkeologia
Volume66
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Ancient neolithic
  • Anthropological study
  • Ca l'Estrada
  • Funerary practices
  • Peninsular northeast

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