© 2017 Elsevier Inc. Adding cryopreservation media with reduced glutathione (GSH) has previously been shown to maintain the motility, membrane integrity and fertilizing ability of frozen-thawed boar sperm, although the effects of GSH on good (GFE) and poor freezability (PFE) ejaculates rely upon the intrinsic ejaculate freezability. The resilience to withstand freeze-thawing procedures has previously been related to the existence of a specific distribution of motile sperm subpopulations, which differs between GFE and PFE. Thus, the main aim of this study was to determine whether the addition of GSH to freezing media has any impact on the distribution of motile sperm subpopulations in GFE and PFE. With this purpose, 18 GFE and 13 PFE were cryopreserved with or without 2 mM GSH. Sperm quality and motile subpopulations were evaluated at 30 min and 4 h post-thawing. Three subpopulations were identified and the percentages of spermatozoa belonging to the fastest and most linear subpopulation, which was referred as ‘SP1’, decreased over post-thawing time. Good freezability ejaculates that were cryopreserved in the presence of 2 mM exhibited a significantly higher percentage of spermatozoa belonging to SP1 than the other combinations of treatment and freezability both at 30 min (mean ± SEM: GFE-C: 16.6 ± 0.4; GFE-GSH 27.7 ± 0.6) and 4 h post-thawing (GFE-C: 7.8 ± 0.2 vs. GFE-GSH: 16.7 ± 0.4). In conclusion, the positive effect of GSH on the motility of frozen-thawed sperm is related to a specific sperm subpopulation (SP1), which could coincide with the fertile sperm one.
- Motile sperm subpopulations
- Reduced glutathione