A single intracerebral injection of tetanus toxin (TeTox) is able to produce a time-dependent translocation of Ca2+-phosphatidylserine-dependent protein kinase C (PKC) in close-to-tenn rat brain. TeTox-triggered translocation of PKC is dose- and time-dependent, can be prevented by tetanus antitoxin, and does not occur upon administration of toxin fragments B and C. TeTox-triggered PKC translocation is accompanied by a timedependent increase in brain serotonin (5-HT). Increase of brain 5-HT is independent of monoamine oxidase inhibition by pargyline. Phorbol ester and TeTox cause a significant increase in serotonin while H-7, a kinase inhibitor, does not affect serotonin levels but abolishes the effect of TeTox. Gangliosides prevent TeTox-triggered 5-HT increase. The data are consistent with the possibility that TeTox acts effectively on the serotonergic innervation, presumably in conjunction with PKC to cause accumulation of serotonin. © 1990.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 9 Apr 1990|
- Brain development
- Protein kinase C
- Tetanus toxin