Telephone management program for patients discharged from an emergency department after a suicide attempt

Ana Isabel Cebria, Iris Pérez-Bonaventura, Pim Cuijpers, Ad Kerkhof, Isabel Parra, Anna Escayola, Gemma García-Parés, Joan Carles Oliva, Joaquim Puntí, David López, Vicenç Valles, Montserrat Pamias, Ulrich Hegerl, Victor Pérez-Sola, Diego J. Palao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Hogrefe Publishing. Aim: In a previous controlled study, the authors reported on the significant beneficial effects of a telephone intervention program for prevention of suicide attempts by patients for up to 1 year. This study reports the 5-year follow-up data. Outcomes were number of recurrences and time to recurrence. Method: The intervention was carried out on patients discharged from the emergency room (ER) following attempted suicide (Sabadell). It consisted of a systematic, 1-year telephone follow-up program: after 1 week, and thereafter at 1-, 3-, 6-, 9-, and 12-month intervals to assess the risk of suicide and encourage adherence to treatment. The population in the control group (Terrassa) received treatment as usual after discharge, without additional telephone contact. Results: The effect of reattempt prevention observed in the first year was not maintained over the long term. Conclusion: A telephone management program for patients discharged from an ER after attempted suicide could be considered a useful strategy in delaying further suicide attempts and reducing the rate of reattempts in the first year. However, results showed that the beneficial effects were not maintained at the 5-year follow-up.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)345-352
JournalCrisis
Volume36
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • 5-year follow-up
  • Suicide attempt
  • Telephone program

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