Technological innovation and exports: Unpacking their reciprocal causality

Diana A. Filipescu, Shameen Prashantham, Alex Rialp, Josep Rialp

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

94 Citations (Scopus)


The authors aim to advance extant understanding of the dynamics affirms operating abroad by considering the effects of innovation (research-and- development intensity, product and process innovations) on exports (breadth and depth), and vice versa. The study analyzes a panel data set of 696 Spanish manufacturing firms during 1994-2005 using Tobit and logit regressions and the Granger test of causality to offer a more complete picture of this complex relationship. They find broad support for the notion that innovation and exports have a reciprocal causal relationship, although the findings are partly nuanced by positive but nonsignificant associations between product innovation and exports and between export depth and process innovation. Furthermore, both export and innovation processes Granger-cause each other, demonstrating that there is a double causal relationship. © 2013, American Marketing Association.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-38
JournalJournal of International Marketing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • Causal effect
  • Export breadth
  • Export depth
  • Granger test
  • Innovation
  • Technological resources


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