The aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of near infrared (NIR) transmittance spectroscopy to predict cheese ripeness using the ratio of water-soluble nitrogen (WSN) to total nitrogen (TN) as an index of cheese maturity (WSN/TN). Fifty-two Protected Designation of Origin cow milk cheeses of 5 varieties (Asiago, Grana Padano, Montasio, Parmigiano Reggiano, and Piave) and different ripening times were available for laboratory and chemometric analyses. Reference measures of WSN and TN were matched with cheese spectral information obtained from ground samples by a NIR instrument that operated in transmittance mode for wavelengths from 850 to 1,050 nm. Prediction equations for WSN and TN were developed using (1) cross-validation on the whole data set and (2) external validation on a subset of the entire data. The WSN/TN was calculated as ratio of predicted WSN to predicted TN in cross-validation. The coefficients of determination for WSN and TN were >0.85 both in cross- and external validation. The high accuracy of the prediction equations for WSN and TN could facilitate implementation of NIR transmittance spectroscopy in the dairy industry to objectively, rapidly, and accurately monitor the ripeness of cheese through WSN/TN.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||JOURNAL OF DAIRY SCIENCE|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2017|
- cheese quality
- ripening time
- water-soluble nitrogen