© 2016 Finnish Zoological and Botanical Publishing Board. Taraxacum majoricense A. Galán & L. Saéz sp. nova collected from Mallorca in the Balearic Islands is described and illustrated. It is characterized by rough leaves with wide lobes, and by violet achenes. A key to all species of Taraxacum known from the Balearic Islands is provided. Taraxacum tarraconense Sennen is neotypified and newly described. Taraxacum cacuminatum, T. catalanum, T. marklundii and T. tarraconense are new records for the Balearic Islands.