Taenia solium in Europe: Still endemic?

Brecht Devleesschauwer, Alberto Allepuz, Veronique Dermauw, Maria V. Johansen, Minerva Laranjo-González, G. Suzanne A. Smit, Smaragda Sotiraki, Chiara Trevisan, Nicola A. Wardrop, Pierre Dorny, Sarah Gabriël

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2015 Elsevier B.V. The pork tapeworm, Taenia solium, causes an important economic and health burden, mainly in rural or marginalized communities of sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin-America. Although improved pig rearing conditions seem to have eliminated the parasite in most Western European countries, little is known about the true endemicity status of T. solium throughout Europe. Three recent reviews indicate that autochthonous human T. solium taeniasis/cysticercosis may be possible in Europe, but that current peer-reviewed literature is biased towards Western Europe. Officially reported data on porcine cysticercosis are highly insufficient. Favourable conditions for local T. solium transmission still exist in eastern parts of Europe, although the ongoing integration of the European Union is speeding up modernisation and intensification of the pig sector. Further evidence is urgently needed to fill the gaps on the European T. solium endemicity map. We urge to make human cysticercosis notifiable and to improve the reporting of porcine cysticercosis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)96-99
JournalActa Tropica
Volume165
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Cysticercosis
  • Epidemiology
  • Europe
  • Neurocysticercosis
  • Taenia solium
  • Taeniasis

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