© 2015 Informa UK, Ltd. In the era of biologic therapies, methotrexate (MTX), a classic immunomodulator, is still the cornerstone of systemic treatment of psoriasis. MTX has been used for many years, achieving good responses with a good safety profile. However, only a few randomized clinical trials have been performed involving MTX, and most of the current evidence comes from pivotal studies of biologic drugs. The aim of this article is to make an extensive review of the MTX mechanism of action, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, safety and tolerability, especially focusing on the future perspective of this old drug and recent advances in the field of pharmacogenetics.
- Dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor
- Folic acid
- Methotrexate polyglutamates