Systemic assessment of urban climate policies worldwide: Decomposing effectiveness into 3 factors

Jeroen C.J.M. van den Bergh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Optimism about the contribution of city policies worldwide to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is widespread. It is based, though, on partial and anecdotal studies rather than comprehensive system-wide estimates. Popular empirical indicators to support the importance of cities, such as consumption-based emissions within city borders, lack a policy connection. Here I undertake an initial assessment of the effectiveness of emissions reduction through urban climate policies. It employs a novel decomposition of effectiveness into reach, capability and stringency. This results in a qualitative estimation of current and maximum contributions of city climate policies – divided into four types – to global emissions reduction. I formalize the framework to numerically illustrate additional policy aspects. Based on the insights obtained, I suggest policy and political strategies to make better use of cities’ competences to mitigate climate change.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-42
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Science and Policy
Volume114
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Buildings
  • CO emissions
  • Cities
  • Climate change
  • Infrastructure
  • Transport

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