Synthesis of new bis-BINOL-2,2′-ethers and bis-H8BINOL-2,2′-ethers evaluation of their Titanium complexes in the asymmetric ethylation of benzaldehyde

Artur R. Abreu, Mariette M. Pereira, J. Carles Bayón

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The preparation by means of different synthetic paths of a series of bis-BINOL and bis-H8BINOL ligands is described. The ligands consist of two BINOL or H8BINOL fragments, joined by diverse linkages through the oxygen at the 2′-position of the arylic fragments. These ligands were applied to the Ti(OiPr)4 catalyzed asymmetric alkylation of benzaldehyde with Et2Zn. The performance of these catalysts is very sensitive to the nature of the ether linkage. The ligand with a propylene link shows better enantioselectivity (ca. 70%) than those with two or four carbon atoms joining the BINOL fragments. Furthermore, using the propylene link, but replacing (R)-BINOL by (R)-H8BINOL, a significant improvement in the stereoselectivity of the catalysts was achieved (ca. 80% ee in (R)-1-phenylpropan-1-ol). A cooperative effect was observed between the chirality at the BINOL fragment and that of a (S,S)-4,5-bis(methylene)-2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolane link, derived from tartaric acid. When this chiral link combines with two (S)-BINOL fragments, the alkylation of benzaldehyde in toluene produces 70% ee of (S)-1-phenylpropan-1-ol, while the (R)-BINOL derivative ligand with the same link, in identical conditions, yields only 40% ee of the (R)-alcohol. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-749
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 16 Jan 2010


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