Synthesis of -Fe2O3 and Fe-Mn Oxide Foams with Highly Tunable Magnetic Properties by the Replication Method from Polyurethane Templates

Yuping Feng, Jordina Fornell, Huiyan Zhang, Pau Solsona, Maria Dolors Baró, Santiago Suriñach, Eva Pellicer, Jordi Sort

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9 Citations (Scopus)


© 2018 by the authors. Open cell foams consisting of Fe and Fe-Mn oxides are prepared from metallic Fe and Mn powder precursors by the replication method using porous polyurethane (PU) templates. First, reticulated PU templates are coated by slurry impregnation. The templates are then thermally removed at 260 °C and the debinded powders are sintered at 1000 °C under N 2 atmosphere. The morphology, structure, and magnetic properties are studied by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and vibrating sample magnetometry, respectively. The obtained Fe and Fe-Mn oxide foams possess both high surface area and homogeneous open-cell structure. Hematite (α-Fe 2 O 3 ) foams are obtained from the metallic iron slurry independently of the N 2 flow. In contrast, the microstructure of the FeMn-based oxide foams can be tailored by adjusting the N 2 flow. While the main phases for a N 2 flow rate of 180 L/h are α-Fe 2 O 3 and FeMnO 3 , the predominant phase for high N 2 flow rates (e.g., 650 L/h) is Fe 2 MnO 4 . Accordingly, a linear magnetization versus field behavior is observed for the hematite foams, while clear hysteresis loops are obtained for the Fe 2 MnO 4 foams. Actually, the saturation magnetization of the foams containing Mn increases from 5 emu/g to 52 emu/g when the N 2 flow rate (i.e., the amount of Fe 2 MnO 4 ) is increased. The obtained foams are appealing for a wide range of applications, such as electromagnetic absorbers, catalysts supports, thermal and acoustic insulation systems or wirelessly magnetically-guided porous objects in fluids.
Original languageEnglish
Article number280
Pages (from-to)-
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 11 Feb 2018


  • Iron oxide
  • Magnetic properties
  • Manganese ferrite
  • Porous inorganic oxide foams
  • Replication processing


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