Synthesis and characterization of PdII; complexes with bis-pyridinium and isoquinolinium N-ylides: Moderate C-H⋯O=C intramolecular hydrogen bonds as source of conformational preferences

Agustí Lledós, Jorge J. Carbó, Rafael Navarro, Elena Serrano, Esteban P. Urriolabeitia

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Abstract

The bis(N-ylide) PdII complexes cis-[PdX2{η 2-[C(H)NCxHy]2CO}] (X = I, NC xHy = NC5H5, 2a; X = Br, NC xHy = NC5H5 and NC5H 3-2,3-Me21 2c, isoquinolinium NC9H71 2d) have been prepared by reaction of the corresponding bis-pyridinium salts with Pd(OAc)2 (1:1 molar ratio). Compounds 2 react with AgClO 4 and Tl(acac) (1:1:1 molar ratio) to give the acetylacetonato derivatives [Pd(acac-O,O′){η2-[C(H)NCxH y]2CO}]ClO4 (3a, c, d). In compounds 2 and 3, the bis-ylide is bonded as a C,C-chelate ligand through the two ylidic C α atoms. The reaction is stereoselective, and only one diastereoisomer is observed (meso form, RS/SR). The origin of the observed stereoselectivity lies with the establishment of intramolecular C-H⋯O=C hydrogen bonds between the ortho protons of the pyridine or isoquinoline fragments and the carbonyl oxygen, as it has been shown by density functional theory (DFT) calculations (B3LYP level) and Bader analysis of the electron density on model pyridinium ylides. Despite the inherent weakness of the C-H⋯O=C bonds, the results show that in these N-ylides the hydrogen bonds are stronger than expected and should be classified as moderate H bonds.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7622-7635
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume43
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Nov 2004

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