Synthesis and Atypical Antipsychotic Profile of Some 2-(2-Piperidinoethyl)benzocycloalkanones as Analogs of Butyrophenone

José A. Fontenla, Javier Osuna, Elizabeth Rosa, Ma Elena Castro, Tomás G-Ferreiro, Isabel Loza-García, José M. Calleja, Ferrán Sanz, Jesús Rodríguez, Enrique Raviña, Javier Fueyo, Christian F-Masaguer, Antonio Vidal, María L. de Ceballos

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Abstract

Four new 2-(2-piperidinoethyl)benzocycloalkanone derivatives, 20–23, were prepared and evaluated as potential antipsychotic agents in receptor binding assays for dopamine (DA) and 5-HT2A receptors and in functional and behavioral screens. Their affinities for D2 receptors (Ki's in the nanomolar range: 46.7–70.7) and D1 receptors (Ki's in the micromolar range: 1.09–2.81) were slightly lower than that showed by haloperidol (Ki's in the nanomolar range: 5.01 and 97.72 for D2 and for D1 receptors, respectively). The ratio of pKi's values D1/D2 showed that the new molecules are more D2-selective than haloperidol. In contrast, in the [3H]-ketanserin binding assays the new compounds had greater affinity for 5-HT2A receptors (pKi's 7.89–8.60) than haloperidol (pKi 7.70) and in functional studies, endothelium-stripped aorta rings, the pA2 values (6.75–8.12) were slightly lower than that of ketanserin (8.87) in suppresing serotonin-induced contractions. The pKi's for D2 binding (and to a lesser extent pKi's for D1 binding) tend to be greater among typical (classical) than among atypical antipsychotics, while these two classes of antipsychotics exhibit no difference with regard to pKi's for 5-HT2A receptors. The ratios of pKi's for 5-HT2A/D2 receptors may be useful for rapid screening of new compounds, and its potential induction of extrapyramidal symptoms (ratio values >1.12 were predictive of an atypical antipsychotic profile). The new molecules had a ratio value in the range 1.08–1.20, while haloperidol showed a ratio of 0.93. In the behavioral screening tests, the new molecules showed antagonist activity of amphetamine-inducing hyperactivity and apomorphineinduced climbing (predictive tests for antipsychotic activity). In the catalepsy test (predictive test for induction of extrapyramidal symptoms), the values obtained were in accordance with an atypical antipsychotic drugs profile. © 1994, American Chemical Society. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2564-2573
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Volume37
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 1994

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    Fontenla, J. A., Osuna, J., Rosa, E., Castro, M. E., G-Ferreiro, T., Loza-García, I., Calleja, J. M., Sanz, F., Rodríguez, J., Raviña, E., Fueyo, J., F-Masaguer, C., Vidal, A., & de Ceballos, M. L. (1994). Synthesis and Atypical Antipsychotic Profile of Some 2-(2-Piperidinoethyl)benzocycloalkanones as Analogs of Butyrophenone. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 37(16), 2564-2573. https://doi.org/10.1021/jm00042a009