© 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim This work is based on synergetically exploiting the activity of graphene-based materials and trityl free radicals to sense xanthine (X) by their combined scavenging properties for superoxide anion radical (O2•−). For this, reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and rGO covalently functionalized with a perchlorotriphenylmethyl (PTM) radical derivative (rGO@PTM) are synthesized, characterized, and casted on an electrode surface to achieve a highly sensitive electrochemical recognition platform for xanthine determination. The electrochemical analysis is based on impedimetrically monitoring a radical-involved reaction on the graphene-based electrode surface after reacting with such O2•− derived from the xanthine/xanthine oxidase enzymatic system. The presented strategy yields to determine X at nm levels, decreasing the detection limit 100 times with respect to previously reported (bio)sensors.
|Journal||Advanced Materials Interfaces|
|Publication status||Published - 23 Jan 2018|
- reduced graphene oxide
- superoxide anion radical
- trityl radical
- xanthine sensor