Sympathetic pathways mediate GLP-1 actions in the gastrointestinal tract of the rat

M. Giralt, P. Vergara

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    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The aim of this study was to establish the actions of GLP-1 (7-37) on gastrointestinal motility in rats. We prepared anaesthetized Sprague-Dawley rats with strain-gauges in the antrum, duodenum and the proximal jejunum and a catheter in the aorta close to the coeliac artery for close infusion of substances. Intraarterial GLP-1 infusions (3x10-10 and 3x10-9 moles/kg per 10 min) (n=8) induced inhibition of spontaneous motor activity in the antrum, duodenum and proximal jejunum. Inhibition induced by GLP-1 was reversed by i.v. infusion of GLP-1 receptor antagonist, Exendin (9-39) (3x10-8 moles/kg per 10 min) (n=6). Neither the presence of l-NNA (10-5 moles/kg) (n=9) nor the VIP receptor antagonist [4-Cl-D-Phe6, Leu17 ]-VIP (3x10-8 moles/kg per 10 min) (n=8) modified responses to GLP-1. However, a combination of the adrenergic blockers phentolamine and propranolol (1 mg/kg each) (n=8) completely blocked motor actions of GLP-1 in all the organs studied. Moreover, inhibition of gastrointestinal motor activity by GLP-1 was blocked by previous infusion of hexamethonium (10 mg/kg) (n=4). This study demonstrates that GLP-1 inhibits gastrointestinal motor activity of the rat acting on specific GLP-1 receptors and via stimulation of adrenergic pathways. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)19-25
    JournalRegulatory Peptides
    Volume74
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 1998

    Keywords

    • Adrenoceptors
    • Exendin
    • Gastric emptying
    • Ileus
    • Intestinal inhibition
    • Intestinal motor patterns

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