Switching from tenofovir to abacavir in HIV-1-infected patients with low bone mineral density: Changes in bone turnover markers and circulating sclerostin levels

Eugènia Negredo, Adolfo Diez-Pérez, Anna Bonjoch, Pere Domingo, Núria Pérez-Álvarez, Mar Gutierrez, Gracia Mateo, Jordi Puig, Patricia Echeverría, Roser Escrig, Bonaventura Clotet

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17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved. Background: Tenofovir is involved in accelerated bone mineral density (BMD) loss. Methods: We recently published a hip BMD improvement at week 48 [+2.1% (95% CI: -0.6, 4.7) (P=0.043)] in HIV-infected patients with osteopenia/osteoporosis randomized to switch from tenofovir to abacavir (n=26), although without reaching statistical significance compared with those who maintained tenofovir (n=28). Here, we present changes at week 48 in bone markers [C-terminal telopeptide of collagen type 1 (CTX), osteocalcin and procollagen type 1 N propeptide (P1NP)] as well as in circulating levels of three proteins involved in bone regulation [osteoprotegerin, receptor activator for NF-κB ligand (RANKL) and sclerostin, a selective regulator of bone formation through the Wnt pathway] in 44 of these patients. χ2 or Fisher and Student t-tests were performed according to the distribution of the variables. Results: Bone markers decreased only in the abacavir group [mean (SD) CTX changed from 0.543 (0.495) to 0.301 (0.306) ng/mL; mean (SD) osteocalcin changed from 23.72 (22.20) to 13.95 (12.40) ng/mL; and mean (SD) P1NP changed from 54.68 (54.52) to 28.65 (27.48) ng/mL (P<0.001 in all cases)], reaching statistical significance between the groups at week 48. Osteoprotegerin did not vary, but sclerostin significantly increased in the abacavir group [from 29.53 (27.91) to 35.56 (34.59) pmol/L, P=0.002]. No significant differences in osteoprotegerin and sclerostin were detected between the groups at week 48. RANKL values were below the limit of detection in all samples. Conclusions: The switch from tenofovir to abacavir seems to induce a positive effect on bone tissue, since bone turnover markers decreased. In addition, circulating sclerostin levels increased, a change associated with improved bone properties.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberdkv063
Pages (from-to)2104-2107
JournalJournal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
Volume70
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Bone markers
  • HIV-infected patients
  • Osteoporosis
  • Osteoprotegerin
  • RANKL

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