Survival in mediterranean ambulatory patients with chronic heart failure. A population-based study

Eva Frigola-Capell, Josep Comin-Colet, Josep Davins-Miralles, Ignasi J. Gich-Saladich, Michel Wensing, Jose M. Verdú-Rotellar

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12 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction and objectives Scarce research has been performed in ambulatory patients with chronic heart failure in the Mediterranean area. Our aim was to describe survival trends in our target population and the impact of prognostic factors. Methods We carried out a population-based retrospective cohort study in Catalonia (north-east Spain) of 5659 ambulatory patients (60% women; mean age 77 [10] years) with incident chronic heart failure. Eligible patients were selected from the electronic patient records of primary care practices from 2005 and were followed-up until 2007. Results During the follow-up period deaths occurred in 950 patients (16.8%). Survival after the onset of chronic heart failure at 1, 2, and 3 years was 90%, 80%, 69%, respectively. No significant differences in survival were found between men and women (P=.13). Cox proportional hazard modelling confirmed an increased risk of death with older age (hazard ratio=1.06; 95% confidence interval, 1.06-1.07), diabetes mellitus (hazard ratio=1.53; 95% confidence interval, 1.33-1.76), chronic kidney disease (hazard ratio=1.73; 95% confidence interval, 1.45-2.05), and ischemic heart disease (hazard ratio=1.18; 95% confidence interval, 1.02-1.36). Hypertension (hazard ratio=0,73; 95% confidence interval, 0,64-0,84) had a protective effect. Conclusions Service planning and prevention programs should take into consideration the relatively high survival rates found in our area and the effect of prognostic factors that can help to identify high risk patients. © 2013 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)539-544
JournalRevista Espanola de Cardiologia
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2013


  • Epidemiology
  • Heart failure
  • Population
  • Prognosis
  • Survival


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