© Georg Thieme Verlag KGStuttgart · New York. Objective The aim of our study is to present the anatomical landmarks to perform an endoscopic endonasal approach to the medial wall of the orbit (EEAMO). Material and Methods We performed 14 complete nasal and orbital endoscopic dissections in 7 adult cadaveric heads. Results The EEAMO provides a surgical corridor between the medial rectus muscle superiorly and the inferior rectus muscle inferiorly .The mean distance between the ethmoidal crest and medial rectus muscle was 1.5 cm (range, 1.3-1.9 cm). The width of the medial rectus muscle was 1.2 cm (range, 1-1.5 cm). The main vascular structure in this retrobulbar space was the ophthalmic artery that crosses over the optic nerve in 86% of the cases. In its intraorbital route, the anterior ethmoidal artery and the ethmoidal nerves were situated inferior to the superior oblique muscle in all cases. The posterior ethmoidal artery was found superior to it. We could identify the inferior division of the oculomotor nerve in this surgical approach. Conclusions The EEAMO allows adequate exposure of the space between the medial rectus muscle and the inferior rectus muscle. The location of the ethmoidal crest of the palatine bone, and its relationship with the medial rectus muscle, is a useful anatomical landmark for this surgical approach.
|Journal||Journal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Dec 2016|
- endoscopic sinus surgery
- optic nerve
- sinus anatomy