18F–FDG-PET/CT Angiography for the Diagnosis of Infective Endocarditis

A. Roque, M. N. Pizzi, H. Cuéllar-Calàbria, S. Aguadé-Bruix

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Purpose of Review: This article reviews the current imaging role of 18F–fluordeoxyglucose positron emission computed tomography (18F–FDG-PET/CT) combined with cardiac CT angiography (CTA) in infective endocarditis and discusses the strengths and limitations of this technique. Recent Findings: The diagnosis of infective endocarditis affecting prosthetic valves and intracardiac devices is challenging because echocardiography and, therefore, the modified Duke criteria have well-recognized limitations in this clinical scenario. The high sensitivity of 18F–FDG-PET/CT for the detection of infection associated with the accurate definition of structural damage by gated cardiac CTA in a combined technique (PET/CTA) has provided a significant increase in diagnostic sensitivity for the detection of IE. Summary: PET/CTA has proven to be a useful diagnostic tool in patients with suspected infective endocarditis. The additional information provided by this technique improves diagnostic performance in prosthetic valve endocarditis when it is used in combination with the Duke criteria. The findings obtained in PET/CTA studies have been included as a major criterion in the recently updated diagnostic algorithm in infective endocarditis guidelines.
Original languageEnglish
Article number15
JournalCurrent Cardiology Reports
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • 18 F–FDG-PET/CT
  • Cardiac computed tomography
  • Cardiac devices
  • Infective endocarditis
  • Prosthetic valves


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