To date, poly(vinyl chloride) (PVC) is the most used polymer in the design of ion selective electrode (ISE) membranes. This paper is focused on the use of sulfonated poly(ether ether ketone) (SPEEK) as an alternative material to PVC for the design of ISEs. SPEEK of the desired degree of sulfonation is synthesized from poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK). An NH4+-ISE has been chosen as a model electrode to study the efficiency of SPEEK as polymer matrix of the membrane. The material was evaluated in ionophore free ion exchanger membranes as well as in ion-selective electrodes membranes containing nonactine as ionophore. Analytical performance parameters of the prepared electrodes were evaluated. The electrodes show a slope between 50 and 60 mV dec-1 depending on both the calibration medium and the membrane composition. A linear range of response between 10-4 and 1.0 M and a lifetime of 1-2 months were obtained. The interferences of cations such us Ca2+, Na+, Li+ and K+ over the prepared ISEs are studied as well. Although the plasticizer in the SPEEK based membrane matrix is not necessary, its presence improves the sensibility. This makes SPEEK a good potential choice over alternative membrane matrices reported in the literature and a promising platform for the establishment of membrane components. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Charged membrane
- Ion-selective electrode
- Sulfonated polyether ether ketone