Subextensive entropies and open order in perovskite oxynitrides

Philip J. Camp, Amparo Fuertes, J. Paul Attfield

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    21 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Unusual subextensive configurational entropies that vary with particle size and tend to zero per atom in macroscopic samples are predicted for AMO 3-zN z oxynitrides with perovskite type crystal structures. These materials are crystallographically disordered on the atomic scale, but local anion order produces chains of M-N-M bonds that undergo a 90° turn at each M cation, giving rise to subextensive entropies in materials such as SrTaO 2N, LaNbON 2, and EuWO 1.5N 1.5. A general Pauling ice-rules formula is used to calculate the extensive molar entropies for other cases such as SrMoO 2.5N 0.5 and BaTaO 2N. The subextensive oxynitrides are usefully classified as showing an "open order", related to the correlated order of displacements in ferroelectric perovskites such as BaTiO 3. This raises the possibility that further open-ordered oxynitride or molecular structures may be accessible, and other states such as spins and charges may also show novel open orders. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)6762-6766
    JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
    Volume134
    Issue number15
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 2012

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