Subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebral ischemia and endothelin-1

J. J. Secades, E. Rubio, J. Ma Castellanos, Ma D. De La Rosa, J. Mercadal, J. Vilalta, R. Catalán, R. Ma Galard

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Abstract

Introduction. Cerebral vasospasm is involved in the development of delayed ischemic lesions in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. We developed an integral theoretical model to explain the pathophysiology of cerebral vasospasm, in which endothelin-1 has a pivotal role in the development of both cerebral vasospasm and delayed ischemic neurological deficits (DIND). Objective. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between temporal profile of plasma endothelin-1 levels and the development of cerebral vasospasm and DIND. Patients and methods. We analyzed sequentially plasma endothelin-1 levels in 17 patients with aneurysmatic subarachnoid hemorrhage. All the patients had complete clinical and neuroradiological studies. Patients were classified according to Fisher's score. Results. Patients (4 males and 13 females, aged 48.1 ± 20.3 years) had a good clinical condition (Hunt-Hess< 4, GCS>10). Two weeks after bleeding, patients had higher plasma endothelin-1 levels than healthy volunteers (p= 0.024). Patients who developed DIND had higher plasma endothelin-1 levels (p= 0,034) and a different evolution (p= 0.0146) than patients without DIND. There is a significant correlation (p= 0,02) between basal plasma endothelin-1 levels and GOS score. Multiple regression analysis shows a significant dependence between plasma endothelin-1 levels and Fisher's score (p= 0.0195), development of DIND (p= 0.0095), and GOS score (p= 0,0319). Logistic regression analysis finds a predictive relation between Fisher's score and plasma endothelin-1 levels for the development of DIND (overall predicted= 74.24%; p= 0.0148). Conclusions. Plasma endothelin-1 levels are increased in patients after subarachnoid hemorrhage and are associated with the development of cerebral vasospasm and DIND. © 2000, Revista de Neurología.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-34
JournalRevista de Neurologia
Volume30
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2000

Keywords

  • Cerebral vasospasm
  • Delayed ischemic neurological deficit
  • Endothelin-1
  • Pathophysiology
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage

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    Secades, J. J., Rubio, E., Castellanos, J. M., De La Rosa, M. D., Mercadal, J., Vilalta, J., Catalán, R., & Galard, R. M. (2000). Subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebral ischemia and endothelin-1. Revista de Neurologia, 30(1), 27-34.