The presence of Aujeszky's disease virus (ADV) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and tissues of experimentally infected pigs was studied. Vaccinated and unvaccinated pigs were inoculated with different doses of Aujeszky's disease NIA-3 strain. Pigs were periodically bled and PBMC were used for virus isolation and PCR detection of virus. Tissues were obtained at the time of death (8 weeks post-inoculation) and used for ADV genome detection by PCR. ADV genome was amplified from PBMC during the acute phase of infection and, in some experimental groups, up to 38 days post-inoculation (PI). The virus was sporadically detected by virus isolation performed from PBMC. In neural tissues, ADV was constantly amplified from the trigeminal ganglia and the olfactory bulb of persistently infected pigs (euthanised 8 weeks PI). In other tissues, the viral genome was rarely detected in lymph nodes and tonsils, and, occasionally, in the bone marrow. Our results indicated that PBMC are not an appropriate source for detecting ADV persistence, since inconsistent results were obtained throughout the experiments. In neural tissues, the olfactory bulb turned out to be as important a target for ADV persistence as the trigeminal ganglia. Viral genome detection in the bone marrow indicated that this tissue may play a role in the establishment of a persistent infection. Copyright (C) 1998 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Aujeszky's disease virus
- Peripheral blood mononuclear cells
- Polymerase chain reaction
- Pseudorabies virus