Study of the fragmentation of b quarks into B mesons at the Z peak

A. Heister, S. Schael, R. Barate, I. de Bonis, D. Decamp, C. Goy, J. P. Lees, E. Merle, M. N. Minard, B. Pietrzyk, S. Bravo, M. P. Casado, M. Chmeissani, J. M. Crespo, E. Fernandez, M. Fernandez-Bosman, L. Garrido, E. Graugés, M. Martinez, G. MerinoR. Miquel, L. M. Mir, A. Pacheco, H. Ruiz, A. Colaleo, D. Creanza, M. de Palma, G. Iaselli, G. Maggi, M. Maggi, S. Nuzzo, A. Ranieri, G. Raso, F. Ruggieri, G. Selvaggi, L. Silvestris, P. Tempesta, A. Tricomi, G. Zito, X. Huang, J. Lin, Q. Ouyang, T. Wang, Y. Xie, R. Xu, S. Xue, J. Zhang, L. Zhang, W. Zhao, D. Abbaneo, P. Azzurri, G. Boix, O. Buchmüller, M. Cattaneo, F. Cerutti, B. Clerbaux, G. Dissertori, H. Drevermann, R. W. Forty, M. Frank, T. C. Greening, J. B. Hansen, J. Harvey, P. Janot, B. Jost, M. Kado, P. Mato, A. Moutoussi, F. Ranjard, L. Rolandi, D. Schlatter, O. Schneider, P. Spagnolo, W. Tejessy, F. Teubert, E. Tournefier, J. Ward, Z. Ajaltouni, F. Badaud, A. Falvard, P. Gay, P. Henrard, J. Jousset, B. Michel, S. Monteil, J. C. Montret, D. Pallin, P. Perret, F. Podlyski, J. D. Hansen, J. R. Hansen, P. H. Hansen, B. S. Nilsson, A. Wäänänen, A. Kyriakis, C. Markou, E. Simopoulou, A. Vayaki, K. Zachariadou, A. Blondel

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Abstract

The fragmentation of b quarks into B mesons is studied with four million hadronic Z decays collected by the ALEPH experiment during the years 1991-1995. A semi-exclusive reconstruction of B → lvD(*) decays is performed, by combining lepton candidates with fully reconstructed D(*) mesons while the neutrino energy is estimated from the missing energy of the event. The mean value of xBwd, the energy of the weakly-decaying B meson normalised to the beam energy, is found to be (xBwd) = 0.716 ± 0.006 (stat) ± 0.006 (syst), using a model-independent method; the corresponding value for the energy of the leading B meson is (xBL) 0.736 ± 0.006 (stat) ± 0.006 (syst). The reconstructed spectra are compared with different fragmentation models. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-48
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Volume512
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 2001

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