Studies on genetic diversity and phylogenetic relationships of limpograss (Hemarthria altissima) and related species based on combined chloroplast DNA intergenic spacer data

Jian Zhang, Xiu Huang, De jun Huang, Yu Zhang, Lin kai Huang, Lu Lu, Han dong Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd Hemarthria R. Br. is a genus which includes important forage grasses. However, there is currently a lack of data analysis on the chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) of Hemarthria species. This study is to use three cpDNA intergenic spacers (trnL-F, trnC-ycf6 and psbC-trnS) to obtain phylogenetic information in 36 Hemarthria samples including four Hemarthria species: Hemarthria altissima (Poir.) Stapf et C. E. Hubb., Hemarthria compressa (L. f.) R. Br., Hemarthria uncinata R. Br., and Hemarthria japonica (Hack.) Roshev. Data analysis revealed that non-significant genetic diversity existed in our samples, which was implied by nucleotide sequences information and the results of haplotypic and nucleotide diversity. The results of phylogenetic trees based on maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) revealed that H. altissima and H. compressa samples were not entirely distinct, suggesting that the two species share an intimate genetic relationship. A haplotype median-joining (MJ) network revealed broadly similar results to those derived from the ML and BI trees and implied that haplotype H3 may represent an ancient haplotype. Analysis of the population statistic FST revealed little genetic differentiation among the seven populations of H. altissima in Africa.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)91-100
JournalBiochemical Systematics and Ecology
Volume69
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Chloroplast DNA
  • Genetic diversity
  • Genetic structure
  • Hemarthria altissima (Poir.) Stapf et C. E. Hubb.
  • Hemarthria compressa (L. f.) R. Br.
  • psbC-trnS
  • trnC-ycf6
  • trnL-F

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