Amorphous ribbons of Fe77Nb7B15Cu1 prepared by melt-spinning and powders produced from them by ball-milling were characterized by means of calorimetry, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and vibrating sample magnetometry. Upon thermal treatment the amorphous alloy experiences a primary crystallization that leads to bcc-Fe nanocrystals dispersed in an amorphous matrix. Magnetic measurements indicate that this alloy in the amorphous and nanocrystalline state is a good soft magnetic material. Values of saturation magnetization and coercivity are 120 Am2/kg and 5 A/m respectively, for the alloy in the nanocrystalline state. Pre-annealing, post-relaxation and nanocrystallization as well as various milling parameters were explored and the structural and magnetic changes induced have been studied. The analysis of the particle size distribution and morphology of the powders show that the brittleness resulting from pre-annealing of the ribbons is very effective in reducing the particle's size. Recovery of the high coercitive field induced by milling is achieved by post-annealing to an extent that depends mostly on the milling conditions. © 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Amorphous metals, metallic glasses
- Magnetic properties
- Scanning electron microscopy
- X-ray diffraction