Studying is one of the most usual tasks in Secondary Education and almost always it is a requirement for students to be assessed. Research has shown that the strategic and efficient ways to study are characterised by a flexible use of the students' learning procedures, not only on the basis on previous knowledge, but also on the basis of the activities demands and learning objectives in situated contexts. In order to know how secondary students face up to study strategically, the interpretation and activity of 149 students (final sample) when studying two texts with different task demands and aims were analysed. The results showed that acquisition procedures were the most frequendy used in both tasks, despite students' declarative knowledge about alternative procedures. Moreover, a high percentage of students interpreted both tasks without taking into account its specific demand. On the other hand, the use of more complex procedures and a high level of awareness about procedural knowledge were variables positively related with solving comprehension tasks which involve the students' personal elaboration and organization of the information.
|Journal||Revista Latinoamericana de Psicologia|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2012|
- Declarative knowledge
- Learning strategies
- Procedural knowledge
- Study skills