The interest in measuring physiological parameters (especially arterial blood gases) has grown progressively in parallel to the development of new technologies. Physiological parameters were first measured invasively and at discrete time points; however, it was clearly desirable to measure them continuously and non-invasively. The development of intensive care units promoted the use of ventilators via oral intubation ventilators via oral intubation and mechanical respiratory variables were progressively studied. Later, the knowledge gained in the hospital was applied to out-of-hospital management. In the present paper we review the invasive and non-invasive techniques for monitoring respiratory variables. © 2010 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
- Home care
- Mechanical respiratory parameters
- Mechanical ventilation
- Physiological parameters
- Transcutaneous arterial oxygen saturation
- Transcutaneous partial pressure of carbon dioxide