We analyzed the activation and changes in the protein level of STAT1 as a consequence of in vivo treatment with superantigens. Ninety minutes after i.p. injection of the staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB), a complex containing STAT1 that was able to specifically bind to DNA containing GAS- like sequences was activated in mouse splenocytes. This complex had the same characteristics as that induced by IFN-γ in several in vitro systems. Activation of the complex was inhibited by cyclosporin A, and Abs against IFN-γ severely decreased the amount of complex detected. When splenocytes were analyzed 24 h after SEB treatment, a high increase in the amount of the STAT1 isoforms, STAT91 and STAT84, was observed by Western analysis, but binding to GAS-like sequences was clearly decreased when compared with analysis at 90 min. Nevertheless, when SEB was injected a second time 24 h after the first injection, the binding of STAT1 to GAS-like sequences had risen again. This approach corroborates the implication of IFN-γ in the response to superantigens in vivo and shows the relevance of analysis of transcription factors in defining the molecular events involved in the immune response.
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Feb 1996|