Standardization of pathological investigations in the framework of experimental ASFV infections

Iván Galindo-Cardiel, María Ballester, David Solanes, Miquel Nofrarías, Sergio López-Soria, Jordi M. Argilaguet, Anna Lacasta, Francesc Accensi, Fernando Rodríguez, Joaquim Segalés

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleResearchpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


African swine fever is still one of the major viral diseases of swine for which a commercial vaccine is lacking. For the design and development of such preventive products, researchers involved in African swine fever virus (ASFV) vaccinology need standardized challenge protocols and well characterized clinical, pathological and immunological responses of inbreed and outbreed pigs to different viral strains and vaccine-like products. The different approaches used should be assessed by immunologist, virologist and pathologist expertise. The main objectives of this guideline are to (1) briefly contextualize the clinical and pathological ASFV presentations focusing on points that are critical for pathogenesis, (2) provide recommendations concerning the analysis of clinical, gross and microscopic observations and (3) standardize the pathological report, the terminology employed and the evaluation of the severity of the lesions between the ASFV research groups for comparing inter-group data. The presented guidelines establish new approaches to integrate such relevant pathological data with virological and immunological testing, giving support to the global interpretation of the findings in the future experiments of ASFV-related vaccinology and immunology. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-190
JournalVirus Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2013


  • African swine fever virus (ASFV)
  • ASFV
  • IL
  • Immunology
  • OIE
  • Pathology
  • TNF
  • Vaccinology
  • Virology


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