Stable partial nitritation for low-strength wastewater at low temperature in an aerobic granular reactor

Eduardo Isanta, Clara Reino, Julián Carrera, Julio Pérez

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    Abstract

    © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Partial nitritation for a low-strength wastewater at low temperature was stably achieved in an aerobic granular reactor. A bench-scale granular sludge bioreactor was operated in continuous mode treating an influent of 70mgN-NH<inf>4</inf><sup>+</sup>L<sup>-1</sup> to mimic pretreated municipal nitrogenous wastewater and the temperature was progressively decreased from 30 to 12.5°C. A suitable effluent nitrite to ammonium concentrations ratio to a subsequent anammox reactor was maintained stable during 300 days at 12.5°C. The average applied nitrogen loading rate at 12.5°C was 0.7±0.3gNL<sup>-1</sup>d<sup>-1</sup>, with an effluent nitrate concentration of only 2.5±0.7mgN-NO<inf>3</inf><sup>-</sup>L<sup>-1</sup>. The biomass fraction of nitrite-oxidizing bacteria (NOB) in the granular sludge decreased from 19% to only 1% in 6 months of reactor operation at 12.5°C. Nitrobacter spp. where found as the dominant NOB population, whereas Nitrospira spp. were not detected. Simulations indicated that: (i) NOB would only be effectively repressed when their oxygen half-saturation coefficient was higher than that of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria; and (ii) a lower specific growth rate of NOB was maintained at any point in the biofilm (even at 12.5°C) due to the bulk ammonium concentration imposed through the control strategy.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)149-158
    JournalWater Research
    Volume80
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015

    Keywords

    • Mainstream
    • Modeling
    • NOB repression
    • Partial nitritation

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