Stabilization of proteins by rational design of α-helix stability using helix/coil transition theory

Virtudes Villegas, Ana Rosa Viguera, F. Xavier Avilés, Luis Serrano

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82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Increasing protein stability is a major goal of protein engineering because of its potential industrial and pharmacological applications. Several different rule-of-thumb strategies have been employed for such a purpose, but a general rational method is still lacking. Recently, there has been significant progress in our understanding of the interactions responsible for helix stability in monomeric peptides and this information has been included in algorithms based on the helix/coil transition theory. We set out to investigate whether it is possible to use these algorithms to rationally increase protein stability. Results: Using a helix/coil transition algorithm, AGADIRms, we have designed mutations affecting solvent-exposed residues which, as predicted, significantly increase the helical stability in aqueous solution of peptides corresponding to the two α-helices of the activation domain of procarboxipeptidase A. Introduction of the same mutations in the protein results in proteins more resistant to urea or temperature denaturation, and there is a qualitative agreement between the expected and observed increases in stability. Conclusions: In this work we demonstrate that by using a helix/coil algorithm to design helix-stabilizing mutations on the solvent-exposed face of helices, it is possible to rationally increase the stability of proteins. © Current Biology Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-34
JournalFolding and Design
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

Keywords

  • Helix prediction
  • Helix stability
  • Mutants
  • NMR
  • Protein stability

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