Objectives: The present study was carried out to evaluate the current prevalence of the clonal group O25b:H4-B2-ST131 among extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (ESBLEC) collected in the Hospital Vall d'Hebron in Barcelona (Spain) with regard to other clonal groups and to characterize their genetic background. Methods: Ninety-four consecutive non-duplicate ESBLEC isolates collected from May to December 2008 were studied. ESBL enzymes, phylogenetic groups, serotypes, virulence genes, sequence types (STs) and PFGE profiles were determined. Results: The most prevalent ESBLs were CTX-M-14 (47%), CTX-M-15 (26%) and SHV-12 (19%). Thirty (32%) of the 94 ESBLEC isolates belonged to the clonal group O25b:H4-B2-ST131 of which 19 (63%) carried the blaCTX-M-15 gene and eight (27%) the blaSHV-12 gene. Moreover, five additional clonal groups (O15/O25a:H1/HNM-D-ST393, O78:HNM-A-ST369, ONT:H21,42/HNM-B1-ST101, O9:H4-A-ST410 and O8:H19-B1-ST162) were detected among 16 isolates producing CTX-M-14 and SHV-12. The 30 ST131 isolates exhibited a significantly higher virulence score (mean number of virulence genes 9.60 versus 5.84) compared with the 64 non-ST131 isolates. In particular, the SHV-12-producing ST131 isolates showed the highest virulence score (range 8-13, mean score 11.75). Results also revealed that the 30 ST131 isolates were distributed in five different groups according to their virulence, XbaI macrorestriction and resistance patterns. Conclusions: We report for the first time the clonal spread of SHV-12-producing O25b:H4-B2-ST131 isolates characterized by high virulence gene content. Moreover, we describe the distribution of the ST131 isolates within different virulence groups. © The Author 2010. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. All rights reserved.
|Journal||Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2011|